We are experiencing of data inclines on current counts and summaries of road crash deaths and fatal road crashes in Australia. According to The Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE), there were a total of 108 road deaths during the month of May 2016 alone. In comparison to the average for May over the previous five years, the current figure is 0.2 per cent higher.
During the 12 months ended May, there were 1,275 road deaths. This is a 9.8 per cent increase compared to the total for the 12-month period ended May 2015. Presently, the rate of annual deaths per 100,000 population stands at 5.3. Compared to the figure for the 12-month period ending May 2015, this is an 8.4 per cent increase.
Every day, drivers die in road collisions. Many die as a consequence of inexperience, speeding intoxication through drink or drugs or just plain recklessness. The fundamental of road crashes are caused by human error. The main causes of death and injury on roads remain speeding, drink driving and non-wearing of seat-belts.
The most traffic accidents are the product of several factors, the probability of accidents can be reduced in a number of different ways. Following safety measures could prevent the increase in accidents. They are as follow;
1. Driver Education and Training
2. Road Rules and Enforcement
3. Engineering of Vehicles and Roads Control
1. Driver Education and Training; it is the best way to establish safe driving behavior, especially teenagers to understand in the principles of safe driving and in good driving attitudes. And refresher courses for older drivers to bring home safe-driving principles and to refresh their knowledge of complex traffic conditions. Published media or social media plays bigger role for educating people, such as newspaper, radio television, and other publicity, to draw the attention of all road users that what are dangers and how to handle with safe practices on the road.
2. Road Rules and Enforcement; The road rules are a framework for safe and efficient movement of traffic on NSW roads.
3. Engineering of vehicles and roads safety control; Vehicle engineering comprises with regular inspection to ensure that the main components of the vehicle are safe. Improving the design of the vehicle to give ease of vision and control to the driver and so reduce the likelihood of injury in an accident. Regular inspection should be conducted fitting safety equipment, such as seat belts, airbags and etc.
Road or traffic engineering comprises the design of new roads which are inherently safe (separating opposing traffic flows, eliminating cross traffic, providing wide shoulders, traffic lanes and good visibility). Improving of existing roads by realignment, improving vision, and resurfacing slippery surfaces. Regulating traffic movement by installing traffic signals, traffic islands, road markings, and regulatory signs such as “stop” and “give way” signs; and assisting the driver with warning and destination signs to avoid danger and confusion.
Aforementioned facts and figures, what can you do in order to minimise Road Deaths in Australia? Here one thing you definitely can do without doubt. It is to provide good driver education and training to yourself or your kids to understand in the principles of safe driving and in good driving attitudes. Always exercise low risk driving and emphasis on the importance of driver safety in order to make roads and highways safer for all road users.